Romans 5:14 19
In the plan of God there are two Adams. The first Adam was created by God
from the dust of the ground on the sixth day of creation. The last Adam was
made of woman under the law. The first Adam was meant to be a type of the
last Adam. These two are brought into consideration by Paul in our text. He
reminds us that Adam is "the figure of him that was to come.''

"Typos" is the Greek word for "type". It was used of the large print put at the
head of the page to teach the child how to read. The word calls attention to
the similarities between two things. Your first impression is that there is
absolutely no similarity between Adam and Jesus our Lord. Yet Adam is called
the figure of the coming Christ. Where are the points of similarity?
Understanding these points of similarity will help you appreciate the place our
Lord Jesus has as the last Adam. For the sake of our study, let us consider
three of the similarities.

Adam was created by God to be the head of the human family. This was the
mind of God from the beginning. As such, Adam was told to have dominion
over all of creation He was commissioned to give a name to everything that
was created. The very act of naming it was an expression of his headship over
creation. It was not a position that he chose for himself, but one that was
bestowed upon him by God. In this he was a type of the last Adam, for Jesus
was also appointed to His place of headship. Adam was a type of the one who
would indeed gain and exercise complete dominion over Creation, and would
be the head of a new humanity. What Adam was to the old order, Christ is to
be to the new and eternal order. It is for this reason that he wears the title "last
Adam". He was not the second Adam but the last Adam. This means that His
order will be the final and eternal one.

"The one man" is the focus of attention in this passage. Adam acted as the
one for the many, and so did Christ. When Adam listened to the serpent,
chose to disobey the Word of God, he acted as the first Adam, the head of the
whole race. Each of us was present in him when he acted. But in his acting for
the whole family of man, he was a type of Christ. God was demonstrating in his
act, that it is possible for the one man to act for the many.  This is exactly what
Christ Jesus our Lord did. "Therefore as by the offense of one judgment came
upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteous¬ness of the one the
free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.''

This truth will become so basic in the presentation of the Apostle. You will
never understand the Christian Gospel unless you can understand the one
acting for the many. Our Gospel is exactly this     that Christ acted for us in the
deed of the Cross. We were present with Him in His death, His burial, His
resurrection, and His ascension.

The fact that they passed something on to their seed is the point of similarity.
However, it must be admitted that there is sharp contrast in what they passed
on. Adam acted in disobedience and passed on to his seed, sin, guilt,
condemnation, and death. These are the words that are used in the text. "For
if through the offence of one many be dead". This is self evident. "For the
judgment was by one to condemnation." "For if by one man's offence death
reigned by one." "Therefore as by the offence of one judg¬ment came upon
all men to condemnation". "For as by one man's disobedience many were
made sinners." These passages make the point clear. Adam acted for us in
the Garden of Eden. The consequences of his choice have been passed on
to us. They are guilt for sin, condemnation before God, and death physical,
spiritual and eternal. We are the recipients of his act.

In the same way we have been made the recipients of the benefits of the
righteous deed of Christ. He, too, passes on the consequence of His act. The
contrast is in the thing passed on. "Much more the grace of God, and gift by
grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many." "But the
free gift is of many offences onto justification. Much more they which receive
abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one,
Jesus Christ". "Even so by the right¬eousness of one the free gift came upon
all men unto justification of life. So by the obedience of one shall many be
made righteous."

There is a direct contrast in the thing the two Adams pass on to their seed.
The first Adam passes on sin, the last Adam passes on righteousness. The
first Adam passes on condemnation, the last Adam passes on justification.
The first Adam passes on death, the last Adam passes on life. The first Adam
puts death on the throne, the last Adam puts grace on the throne. The first
Adam brings the disfavor of God, the last Adam the grace of God. But they
are alike in that they pass on to their seed the consequence of their deed.

What is this one thing that Christ did to bring so much benefit to us? In this
paragraph it is simply referred to as "the righteousness" and "obedience".
Remem¬bering that this paragraph is connected to the last by a "wherefore"
will help. In this passage we were told of the love of God demonstrated in the
death of Christ upon the Cross. Christ died for us. The shedding of His blood
upon the Cross was the righteousness, the obedience. He did that for us
which we could not do for ourselves. He handled all of the guilt brought about
by the fall of the first Adam, and made available to us life and righteousness.

Your part in the first Adam is a settled conclusion. You were born into a
partnership with him. Your part in the last Adam is a matter of choice. Not
every¬one receives the benefits of His deed. It comes unto only those who
place their faith and trust in Him. Have you made such a commitment of your
If you are to ever receive the benefits offered by the last Adam, you must
choose them. You must choose to turn from your sin and place your faith in
Him. To be in the last Adam is to be in Christ, and thus to be in life and